03. Early Europe & Colonial Americas, Teaching

AP Crossover: Virgin of Guadalupe

AP Crossover: Virgin of Guadalupe

I’ve been planning on doing a few posts on the Virgin of Guadalupe with information geared for AP Art History info and a more religiously-based Catholic post. And by “planning” I mean I’ve been thinking about it for a few days but it’s currently Wednesday at 8:42 pm I am just sitting down to type…soooo….”planning” ….yeah.

UPDATE: here is the AP Art History post: #95. The Virgin of Guadalupe & the religious-Catholic post Catholic Culture: Our Lady of Guadalupe


Any-who, I figured I could start with this post (since it was easy) about the crossover in curricula the you can use to teach the Virgin of Guadalupe in AP World and Art History. When I taught AP Art History I typically got to Content Area 5: Indigenous Americas right around this time and then, depending on the year, I would try to roll in Early Colonial art (Content Area 3: Early Europe and Colonial Americas) into this unit also. My goal was to coordinate my Virgin of Guadalupe lesson with December 12th (her feast day) to add in some extra spice. I don’t think the students ever really cared but I liked it! Plus I could wear by “Mary is my homegirl” Guadalupe t-shirt and not be THAT weird. 🙂

*Note: all the wording below comes from the Fall 2017 AP World History Course and Exam Description & Fall 2015 AP Art History Course and Exam Description provided by College Board.

Brooklyn Museum-Virgin of Guadalupe, Isidro Escamilla, 1824, oil on canvas

AP World History

Key Concept 4.1 – The interconnection of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres made possible by transoceanic voyaging, transformed trade and religion had a significant economic, cultural, social, and demographic impact on the world

VI. The increase in interactions between newly connected hemisphere and intensification of connections within hemisphere expanded the spread and reform of existing religions and contributed to both religious conflicts and the creation of syncretic belief systems and practices.

Illustrative examples: The role of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations in spreading Christianity outside of Europe.

LAMCA-Virgin of Guadalupe and View of the Valley of Mexico. Jose de Ibarra. 1739

AP Art History

Enduring Understanding 3-3. Art from the early modern Atlantic World is typically studied in chronological order, by geographical region, according to style, and by medium. Thus, early modernity and the Atlantic arena are highlighted, framing the initiation of globalization and emergence of modern Europe, and recognizing the role of the Americas in these developments. More attention has been given in recent years to larger cultural interactions, exchanges, and appropriations.

Essential Knowledge 3-3c. The advent of the Age of Exploration in the late 15th century resulted in the emergence of global commercial and cultural networks via transoceanic trade and colonization. European ideas, forms, and practices began to be disseminated worldwide as a result of exploration, trade, conquest, and colonization.


Enduring Understanding 3-4. The arts of 15th century Europe reflected an interest in classical models, enhanced naturalism, Christianity, pageantry, and increasingly formalized artistic training. In the 17th century, architectural design and figuration in painting and sculpture continued to be based on classical principles and formulas but with a pronounced interest in compositional complexity, dynamic movement, and theatricality. There was an increasing emphasis on time, narrative, heightened naturalism, and psychological or emotional impact.

Essential Knowledge 3-4c. Corporate and individual patronage informed the production, content, form, and display of art — from panel painting, altarpieces, sculpture, and print to myriad decorative arts, such as metalwork and textiles. Displayed in churches, chapels, convents, palaces, and civic buildings, the arts performed various functions (e.g., propagandistic, commemorative, didactic, devotional, ritual, recreational, and decorative).

Essential Knowledge 3-4d. Art production in the Spanish viceroyalties in the Americas exhibited a hybridization of European and indigenous ideas, forms, and materials, with some African and Asian influences. Although much colonial art is religious, nonreligious subjects such as portraiture, allegory, genre, history, and decorative arts were central to Spanish viceregal societies.

LACMA-G-d the Father Paintign the Virgin of Guadalupe. 18th cen

Enduring Understanding 3-5. The 16th-century Protestant Reformation and subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation compelled a divergence between northern and southern western European art with respect to form, function, and content.

Essential Knowledge 3-5b. Art production in the Spanish viceroyalties paralleled European art practices in terms of themes, materials, formal vocabulary, display, and reception. However, given the Spanish Catholic context in which this art production developed, Spanish colonial art of the early modern period corresponded more closely to that of southern Europe.


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